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考研疑難句44句

摘自國外各大知名雜志

(01) (10-R-1)We are even farther removed from the unfocused newspaper reviews published in England between the turn of the 20th century and the eve of World War II, at a time when newsprint was dirt-cheap and stylish arts criticism was considered an ornament to the publications in which it appeared. (49 words)

【譯文】我們甚至感到陌生的是:從20世紀初期到第二次世界大戰之前,這一期間的英國報紙評論內容不拘一格。那時候報紙非常便宜,而且人們認為發表時尚的人文批評可以給刊登評論的出版物增加色彩。

分解】句子的主干為:“We are … removed from … reviews (句子主干部分)… at a time (時間狀語)… ”。細化分析:“published”過去分詞短語修飾“reviews”,其后緊接“in England”與“between …”地點和時間狀語。之后,“at a time”與“between”之間相互解釋,“time”之后的“when”引導修飾其的時間定語從句。

(02) (10-R-1)“So few authors have brains enough or literary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism,” Newman wrote, “that I am tempted to define …journalism? as …a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are?.” (43 words)

【譯文】紐曼說,“具有才智或文學天賦讓自己在新聞從業中面對困難堅持不懈的作家如此之少,以至于我總想把新聞業定義成一個“受貶低的術語”,即“不受讀者喜愛作家對受讀者喜愛作者的稱呼”。

【分解】句子的主干為:“So few … have … (主句主干部分)… that (引導結果狀語從句)I am tempted to (從句部分的主謂)… ”。細化分析:整個句子只要理順了“so … that”的倒裝結構(前半部分是倒裝的)就不難理解了。主句中,“to keep … journalism”不定式修飾“brains or gift”部分。從句中有“define … as”介詞短語。最后,“of contempt”修飾“a term”,“applied …(to)…”也修飾“a term”。

(03) (10-R-3)For a social epidemic to occur, however, each person so affected, must then influence his or her own acquaintances, who must in turn influence theirs, and so on; and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential. (48 words)

【譯文】然而,如果要發生社會流行現象,每個人在受到影響之后定會去影響自己的熟人,熟人再去影響他們的熟人,如此循環往復。有多少其他人關注這些處于傳播網絡的人群,與最初那個有影響力的源頭關系不大

【分解】句子的主干為:“… each person … must … influence … acquaintances …(第1個分句的主干部分);(分號引出另一個分句)how many others pay attention … has …”。細化分析:在第1個分句中,“For … to occur”作目的狀語,“however”插入語表達作者評價,“so affected”修飾“each person”,“who”引導非限制性定語從句修飾“acquaintances”。在第2個分句中,主語是一個由“how”引導的主語從句。

(04) (09-R-3) Progress in both areas is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political, and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that

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